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Recurrent Diarrhoeal Disease is a Major Cause of Childhood Malnutrition and Necessity of Contravention of the Vicious Cycle of Diarrhoea Related Malnutrition in Bangladesh

In children, diarrheal illness and its sequelae continue to be a leading cause of morbidity and death, particularly in impoverished nations like Bangladesh. Globally, diarrheal illnesses pose a severe threat to public health, particularly because they are the second-leading cause of mortality in children (behind respiratory illnesses). About 63% of the worldwide burden of childhood diarrhea affects children under the age of five. The etiology of many disorders must be accurately and quickly detected, but standard procedures are typically unsuccessful in doing so, in addition to being time- and labor-intensive. Up to 40% of cases of diarrhoea, on average, have an unknown etiological cause. This study highlights the promise of the metagenomics technology as a diagnostic method for enteric diseases and provides an overview of current trends in the epidemiology and management of diarrhea. Increased frequency, increased volume, and altered stoma consistency are all signs of diarrhea. Environments in the industrialized and underdeveloped worlds have different pathogens. The most significant aetiological factor associated with severe dehydrating diarrhea is rotavirus diarrhea. In order to target the right treatment, it is crucial to identify the specific microbiological cause of diarrhoea. However, the World Health Organization (WHO)'s recommendations for broader preventive measures highlight the key causes of the enormous disease burden in developing nations. Worldwide, acute diarrheal illness in children under the age of five continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and death. Children are more likely to experience severe infectious diarrhea in environments with low sanitation and hygiene, limited water supply, and a lack of resources. A complete history and physical examination, as well as assessments of the child's nutritional and hydration status as well as a thorough clinical evaluation for any complications or accompanying diseases, are all necessary for the care of a kid who presents with severe diarrhea. In Bangladesh, the use of zinc supplements, reduced-osmolarity oral rehydration solution (ORS), and rotavirus vaccination are recent advancements in the management of severe diarrheal illness.

Infectious Diarrhea, Dehydration, Developing Countries, Diarrheal Disease, Nutritional Status, Under-5 Children, Gastrointestinal Diseases, Gastroenteritis

APA Style

Istiaque Hossain, M., Delwar Hossain, M., Kumar Ghosh, S., Rahman, K., Monir Hossain, M., et al. (2023). Recurrent Diarrhoeal Disease is a Major Cause of Childhood Malnutrition and Necessity of Contravention of the Vicious Cycle of Diarrhoea Related Malnutrition in Bangladesh. International Journal of Gastroenterology, 7(2), 64-76.

ACS Style

Istiaque Hossain, M.; Delwar Hossain, M.; Kumar Ghosh, S.; Rahman, K.; Monir Hossain, M., et al. Recurrent Diarrhoeal Disease is a Major Cause of Childhood Malnutrition and Necessity of Contravention of the Vicious Cycle of Diarrhoea Related Malnutrition in Bangladesh. Int. J. Gastroenterol. 2023, 7(2), 64-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ijg.20230702.15

AMA Style

Istiaque Hossain M, Delwar Hossain M, Kumar Ghosh S, Rahman K, Monir Hossain M, et al. Recurrent Diarrhoeal Disease is a Major Cause of Childhood Malnutrition and Necessity of Contravention of the Vicious Cycle of Diarrhoea Related Malnutrition in Bangladesh. Int J Gastroenterol. 2023;7(2):64-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ijg.20230702.15

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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